Rameau, Jean-Philippe

   Considered France's greatest 18th-century composer and a highly influential music theorist, Jean-Philippe Rameau was born in Dijon, where he was educated in music by his father, an organist. At age 18, Rameau made a short visit to italy and, returning to France, was subsequently an organist in Avignon, Clermont-Ferrand, and Paris (1705), where he wrote his first work, Premier livre de pièces de clavecin, which at the time went unappreciated. Later, he followed his father as organist at Notre-Dame in Dijon (1709) and then spent some time in lyon. In 1722, his Traité de l'harmonie réduite à ses principes naturels was published, followed some time later by another theoretical work, Génération harmonique (1737). Settling finally in Paris, Rameau taught harpsichord and music theory and wrote compositions, light theatrical pieces, and religious music. He become director of the private orchestra of a wealthy patron (who introduced him to voltaire) and devoted himself to composing operas. His approximately 30 operas include such masterpieces as Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), Castor et Pollux (1737), Les Fêtes d'Hébé (1739), Dardanus (1739), Platée (1745), and Zoroastre (1749). Opera-ballets include Les Indes galantes (1735) and La princesse de Navarre, composed for the marriage of the dauphin (1745). Also at this time, he composed his admirable Pièces de clavecin (1741). Rameau was involved, too, in the Bouffons debate over musical styles (17521754), with jean-jacques rousseau, Melchior de Grimm, and the Encyclopédists, partisans of italian music, in which he defended the post-Lully style of French opera. Although Rameau's compositions went out of style after his death, his theoretical writings detailed concepts that remained basic to European harmony until the end of the 19th century.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rameau, Jean-Philippe — • Life, summaries of religious and secular works, and commentary on his advances in music theory and composition Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rameau, Jean-Philippe — (baptized Sept. 25, 1683, Dijon, France died Sept. 12, 1764, Paris) French composer and music theorist. Son of an organist, he held organist posts until he was 49. His Treatise on Harmony (1722) established him as a major music theorist. In it he …   Universalium

  • Rameau,Jean Philippe — Ra·meau (rä mōʹ), Jean Philippe. 1683 1764. French composer and music theorist known for his treatise on harmony (1722) and his ballets and operas, including Castor et Pollux (1737). * * * …   Universalium

  • Rameau, Jean-Philippe — (bautizado el 25 sep. 1683, Dijon, Francia–12 sep. 1764, París). Compositor y teórico de la música francés. Hijo de un organista, ejerció como organista hasta los 49 años. Con su Tratado de armonía (1722) se consolidó como un importante teórico… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rameau, Jean Philippe — ► (1683 1764) Compositor francés. En 1733 estrenó su primera ópera. Como teórico, en su Tratado de la armonía (1723) establece los fundamentos de la moderna técnica de la armonía. Opuso al bel canto de la ópera italiana un mayor dramatismo en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rameau, Jean-Philippe — (baptized 25 September 1683, Dijon, France – 12 September 1764, Paris)    Renowned for his harpsichord pieces and operas, and for his revolutionary theory of harmony, he was organist at churches in Clermont, Dijon, and Paris at various times from …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • RAMEAU, JEAN PHILIPPE —    French composer, born at Dijon; wrote on harmony, and, settling in Paris, composed operas, his first Hippolyte et Aricie, and his best Castor et Pollux (1683 1764) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean-Philippe Rameau — Portrait par Joseph Aved (1702 1766) Musée des Beaux Arts de Dijon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-philippe rameau — Jean Philippe Rameau Portrait par Joseph Aved (1702 1766) Musée des Beaux Arts de Dijon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Philippe Rameau — Jean Philippe Rameau Portrait par Joseph Aved (1702 1766) Musée des Beaux Arts de Dijon …   Wikipédia en Français

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